Plants and animal cell diagram labeled have different units though they have the same most of the cell organelles. Cells are basic microscopic units that form living organisms. There are prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, but eukaryotic contains nuclear material and is more complex than prokaryotic.
Animal Cell Diagram Labeled Cell Membrane
Plasma membrane or cell membrane is a usual membrane available in both animal and plant cells. Yet, animal has quite flexible cells membrane while plant has quite rigid cell membrane. The cell membrane gives form, shape, and life to the cell and holds the cell parts together. Proteins and lipids are the elements of cell membrane. It creates a wall between the cell organelles hovering in the cytoplasm of the cell and the extracellular fluid dip all cells on the outside.
Animal Cell Diagram Labeled And Structure
Cytosol or Cytoplasm is lucid, gelatinous gist filling the cell inside the cell membrane and outside the nucleus. It holds various cell organelles floating inside membrane. It is made of sugars, fatty acids, enzymes and salts. Cytoplasmic streaming is a process that lets diverse materials move all over the cell in animal cell diagram labeled. The shape of the cell is kept by a network of cytoplasmic filaments which also aid the cell to move.
The cell nucleus contains nucleoplasm, chromosomes with DNA, a nucleolus, and a few other highly specialized organelles that store the DNA (cell’s genetic material). It also controls different cell activities such as cell division, protein synthesis, growth, and the rest.
Located in the middle of the nucleus, the nucleolus contains DNA, RNA, and proteins and its function is to produce subunits that form ribosomes when combined. Around half of the RNA synthesis is done by nucleolus in animal cell diagram labeled.
Chromosomes are situated inside the nucleus in the form of thread-like structures. There is a single molecule of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and protein in every chromosome in animal cell diagram labeled. There are unique instructions in DNA that characterize each living organism. The histones are spool-like proteins that tightly wrap the DNA.
Mitochondria are dual membrane-tied cells spread in the cytoplasm. There are cristae or loops that are formed by inner complex membrane and outer soft membrane of the dual membrane. The outer double membrane is formed by these membranes to keep blending of the cytoplasm of the cell with the liquid-filled medium inside the mitochondria.
Centrioles are two cylindrical bodies that can self replicate and consist of 9 packs of microtubules with 3 microtubules in each pack. There are two centrioles in animal cells that are arranged upright to each other. They are active during meiosis and mitosis as they help during cell division process seen in animal cell diagram labeled.