Animal cell diagram simple will easily help you understand the structure and function of cells. Cells form organs to carry out certain functions for the whole organism. Certain functions are done by organelles for the cells. Every cell metabolizes and functions individually and it creates an entire organism from millions of cells.
Animal Cell Diagram Simple: The Nucleus
Nucleus is the brain of the cell that contains genetic material in animal cell diagram simple. The entire cell function is controlled by nucleus by directing the production of proteins with the genetic material. Chromatin is mass of yarn-like genetic material that may appear in the nucleus of cells that are not presently separating. The chromatin groups into chromosomes which comprises DNA.
Cell membrane or plasma membrane is the membrane holding the fluid called plasma or cytoplasm in the cell. There is a type of fluid where the cells floating in called matrix which is insoluble or do not liquefy in its liquid. The plasma membrane helps to separate the chemical inside the cell from blending with the chemicals in the extracellular fluid as seen in animal cell diagram simple. This will avoid waste products emitted to the outer of the cell from the inside could gush back in.
The ER (endoplasmic reticulum) is a chain of channel that hooks up the nucleus to the cytoplasm of the cell. The rough ER is part of the ER that contains ribosomes while smooth ER is the part of the ER without ribosomes. The genes direct the synthesis of proteins in the Ribosomes on the rough ER. Cellular products are transported from organelle to organelle, from cytoplasm to organelle or from organelle to plasma membrane with transport vesicles in the smooth ER in animal cell diagram simple.
The Golgi apparatus is an organelle near the ER that create a vesicle or pocket that surrounds enzymes, hormones or other products produced by the cell to be secreted to the outside of the cell or transported to other organelles. The products within the vesicle can be secreted to the exterior of the cell as vesicle allow the plasma membrane to produce a channel with certain proteins
The Golgi apparatus also produces special vesicles called Lysosomes to clean up the cell. There are digestive enzymes in Lysosomes that can break down products that may be dangerous to the cell and expel them back outside. Lysosomes also eliminate deceased organelles by surrounding them, crashing their proteins, and discharge them to reproduce a new one. Autodigestion is used to call the process as the lysosome performs in the lead its own cell in animal cell diagram simple.